Politics, not science, is driving the fight over masks in schools, with educators and administrators bearing the brunt of the fallout.
As coronavirus case numbers continue to climb, especially among school-aged children, Republicans want to end the mask requirement in schools and daycares.
The first vaccines have not been tested extensively on children under the age of 18, and may not be available before the new school year.
There is no federal system to track outbreaks at schools in the United States and states differ significantly on what they report.
An 8-month-old at one facility transmitted COVID-19 to both parents, and another infected parent required hospitalization, researchers said.
Many facilities won't administer tests for young children, creating more problems for parents and schools trying to reopen.
Hispanic children were approximately eight times as likely as white children to be hospitalized for COVID-19, while Black children were five times as likely to be hospitalized, according to the report.